Stop, Start, Repeat: Greece and the European Debt Crisis
Greece: A Microcosm for the Troubles of Southern Europe
By Konstantinos Roccas, Staff Writer
On a cold December Night—while Athens was enveloped in a thick cloud of smoke and smog emanating from the homes of people burning wood and whatever else they could get their hands on in lieu of oil and electricity—Greek Prime Minister Antonis Samaras triumphantly ascended a podium and proclaimed that the notion of a “Grexit is dead.” The ‘Troika’ of lenders—as they are known in Greece—of the European Central Bank, International Monetary Fund and the European Commission, had finally reached terms with the Greek government that were acceptable to them and released the long-withheld disbursement of 52.5 billion euros.
Greece was saved and by extension the European Union was saved, as well. Markets rallied on the news. Confidence in Europe was reaffirmed and all was once again well in the EU. Media coverage slowly diverted towards more pressing matters and Greece could now focus on rebuilding its shattered economy. Hooray!
At this point you are likely wondering why this sounds familiar. The reason for that is that it isfamiliar. This cycle of ‘will they or won’t they’ with regards to the disbursement of bailout funds to the Greek government has happened many times since this crisis began and the basic narrative is always the same: Greece gets big bailout fund, which will be doled out in pieces. [pullquote]The cyclical process mentioned above further impoverishes the people of these distressed countries, while gutting many of the services needed for a modern country to run efficiently.[/pullquote]Greece needs to set austerity targets to receive cash. The Troika demands more measures and withholds the next tranche until Greece agrees to their terms. Greece claims it will run out of money by X date. Furious negotiations ensue and bailout tranche is released. Markets get bolstered on the news and things hum along until Greece is supposed to receive the next bailout tranche. Repeat as necessary; throw in a few riots for added flavour.
As ridiculous as this narrative sounds, it has become par for the course in the Troika’s dealings with Greece and the rest of the ‘sick men of Europe’. Instead of analyzing the problems that may have caused this debt crisis to compound and present meaningful solutions to restore Europe, they instead push a process that merely buys them time and serves nobody—with the notable exception of the extremely corrupt political elite that are still fattening themselves up at the expense of everyone else.
Greece itself is a microcosm for the troubles of the rest of the southern European states such as Italy, Spain and Portugal. The cyclical process mentioned above further impoverishes the people of these distressed countries, while gutting many of the services needed for a modern country to run efficiently. By employing such a cyclical process, the banks and lenders are able to temporarily stave off the total collapse of Greece, while buying them sufficient time to shield themselves from any sort of fallout in the off chance that Greece does default on its debts.
In the interim period between bailouts things slowly get worse for the people. In Greece, for example, according to the Hellenic Statistical Authority, Greek unemployment has risen to a staggering 26% while youth unemployment in the 18-34 age bracket has risen to 58% as of January 2013. Hospitals are chronically undersupplied, with basic necessities such as latex gloves and needles at a premium and Greeks nationwide getting in touch with their inner lumberjack and heading into parks, forests and gardens to salvage wood that they can burn for heat due to a new levy placed upon heating oil, wreaking havoc on the Athenian atmosphere. In addition, a starting mandatory wage of 450 euros has been implemented for young labourers.